The Origin of
Jehovah's Witnesses and
the Biblical Prediction by its
founder that did not happen...
In 1872, a pastor named Charles Taze
Russell (1852-1916), organized an inconspicuous Bible
Study Group in Allegheny, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. USA. Less than
a decade later, this study group became the Zion's
Watch Tower Tract Society. Pastor Russell became its founder president.
Subsequently, the Society decided to drop the word "Zion's" from its name,
that depicted a sort of affiliation with Israel. The movement adopted the
name Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society.
In 1931, the movement adopted the name "Jehovah's
Witnesses" which has remained unchanged to this date. Who is Jehovah?
The word "Jehovah" means
the God of Israel. In reality, "...(it) is an error
resulting among Christians from combining the consonants Yhwh (Jhvh)
the vowels of 'adhonay, "Lord," which the Jews in reading the Scriptures
substitute for the sacred name, commonly called the tetragramation
containing four consonants." (source: Encyclopedia
Britannica 1953, Vol. 12).
The Prediction by its founder
that did not happen...
In 1876, pastor Russell wrote an interesting
article based upon one of the fundamental beliefs Society for the
imminent coming of a terrestrial theocratic KINGDOM
OF JEHOVAH. This article entitled; 'Gentile Times:
When do they End?', appeared in the October 1876 issue of Bible
On page 27 of that issue, referring to the Gospel
of Luke 21: 24, the founding president predicted that the
Times will end in A.D. 1914". However, the expected
OF JEHOVAH did not come. None of the events concerning Jerusalem,
mentioned in Luke 21: 24 (see the biblical text below) happen in the year
The Society then concluded that the predicted year was to be a turning
point in human history and not the end of the
(see details below). Two years later, pastor Russell
died. May be the dejection and depression had its toll! Below is the text
from the Gospel of Luke chapter 21, verses 23/24/25. The text is reproduced
from the New World Bible published by the Watchtower Bible and Tract
Society of New York, N.Y.
"(23) Woe to the pregnant women and
the ones suckling a baby in those days!' For there will be great necessity
upon the land and wrath on this people;
From "The End Times" to "The Golden
they will fall by the edge of the sword and be led captive into all the
nations; and Jerusalem will be trampled on by the nations, until the appointed
times of the nations are fulfilled;
(25) Also, there will be signs in the sun
and moon and stars, and on the earth anguish of nations, not knowing the
way out because of the roaring of the sea and [its] agitation."
The Society's succeeding President
(Judge) Joseph F. Ruthford (1869-1942) shifted the direction of the Society's
belief from "The End Times" to "The
Golden Age". The belief for "The End Times" was based upon the apocalyptic
symbolic imageries for the "Seven Times" that the
author of the Book of Revelation claimed to have seen in a Vision. The
authorship is doubted by some scholars for the last book of the New Testament
The Revelation of John. It contains the detailed descriptions
of "Seven Times". The Revelation was written in the end of the first
century to strengthen the faith of Christians, especially those belonging
to the Seven Churches in Asia who were being persecuted by
Emperor Domitian (90-95 C.E.). These symbolic obscure writings predicted
that in the "last days" the forces of Evil will be pitted in a great battle,
Armageddon, with the forces of Jehovah. The ultimate triumph of Jehovah
over the Satan will be at the hand of forces led by Jesus, who would come
down to the earth from the heaven. The author writes in the opening passage
that he was instructed by God, through a vision, to write these Revelation
of Jesus Christ "which must shortly
take place". (Rev. 1: 1). The author repeats: "...blessed
are those who hear (this) and who keep what is written in it; for
the time is near." (Rev. 1: 3).
In 1909, the
Society moved its headquarters to Brooklyn, New York.
In 1942, the president J. Ruthford who spoke of the "Golden Age"
More than nineteen centuries have passed since
must shortly take place"
has not happened.
Neither "The End Times" nor "The Golden Age" have come. The "Official Concept"
of the Society today, differs from the past.
The Inhabited Earth will endure
The Original Concept for the future was that
after Jesus had defeated the forces of Evil at the Great Battle of Armageddon,
Jesus will reign with the Witnesses
and the resurrected, righteous dead, for 1,000 years...
The following text is reproduced from the
"official" web site of the Watch Tower Society. http://www.watchtower.org/library/jt/index.htm
"Because they (Adam and Eve) became
disobedient, this couple failed to fill the earth with righteous families
who would lovingly care for the earth and its plants and animals. But their
failure does not make Jehovah's purpose fail. Thousands of years later,
it was written: "God, the Former of the earth . . . , did not create it
simply for nothing." He "formed it even to be inhabited." It is not to
be destroyed, but "the earth endures for ever." (Isaiah 45:18; Ecclesiastes
1:4, The New English Bible) Jehovah's purpose for the earth will be realized:
"My own counsel will stand, and everything that is my delight I shall do."
— Isaiah 46:10.
Jesus has "already returned" and
Hence, Jehovah's Witnesses believe that the
earth will remain forever and that all people, living and dead, who will
fit in with Jehovah's purpose for a beautified, inhabited earth may live
on it forever."
The following text is also reproduced from
the same "official" web site of the Watch Tower Society. http://www.watchtower.org/library/t19/survive.htm
"But when will this world end? What
did Jesus give of his "coming, and of the end of the world"?
The Greek word here translated "coming" is
pa·rou·si'a, and it means "presence," that is, actually being
on hand. So when "the sign" is seen, it would not mean Christ was soon
to come but that he had already returned and was present. It would mean
that he had begun ruling invisibly as a heavenly king and that he would
soon bring an end to his enemies. — Revelation 12:7-12; Psalm 110:1, 2.
The Society today publishes 20,000,000 copies
of magazine Awake! in over 80 languages in 230 lands. Free copies
are distributed at the street corners and mostly door-to-door, Awake!
diversified subjects including the insights into other contemporary
religions and the prevalent beliefs, on this earth. The
imminent coming of a terrestrial theocratic Kingdom of Jehovah into which
only the Witnesses will pass is yet preached by the dedicated Witnesses
who without hesitation approach the total strangers and do the brief preaching.
This concept of exclusivity for the salvation, drives these devotes to
their utmost limit to convert the non Witnesses. Jehovah's Witnesses prefer
not to miss any available opportunity to deliver the Message of New World
Bible. It is said;
If a seasoned dedicated Jehovah's
Witness was to approach a crossroad and saw the two signs; One showing
the direction of the Heaven and the other pointing the direction of a group
of people that are willing and ready to hear their call of "Awake!".
would rather proceed in that direction and hand over the magazine.
New Text Added on April 29, 2003:
Fundamental Beliefs of J.W.
that often differ from the Beliefs
of Catholics and Protestants
Here is an eye-opening
passage from the Encyclopedia Britannica:
"The Witnesses regard both Catholic
and Protestant groups as misguided by Satan. The one true God, the Witnesses
believe, is Jehovah God...
The above mentioned belief
for their Jesus being "not God"
seems to have changed. The following passage from their recent edition
of the New World Translation of the Holy Scripture shows that they
believe him to be "a god".
Jesus Christ, the perfect man, not God, is
God's agent in establishing the Theocracy. As the perfect man, he is now
man's redeemer since the death made possible a reconciliation to God,
which was broken by Adam's sin. The witnesses do not believe in Hell; the
wicked are destroyed." ( 1953 Edition,
"In [the] beginning the Word was,
and the Word was with God, and the Word was a god." (John
1 : 1).
and Protestants, the Witnesses also claim that the term "Word"
in the above passage refers to Jesus Christ, which John did not mean. However,
the same passage in the Catholic and the Protestant Bibles read:
"In the beginning was the Word, and
the Word was with God, and the Word was God." (John
1 : 1).
The truth of the matter
is; Jesus Christ was neither "a god" nor
"God". The original
Greek word used by apostle John for the term "Word"
is "Logos". It
literally translates the "spoken word" or
as in the Greek word "Logic".
use of name "Jesus Christ" for "Logos"
is an INNOVATED SUBSTITUTION. The above passage does not make sense with
this kind of Substitution. Since the "Word" was "with
God" it could not be
God. The opening of John's Gospel upholds
the concept for 'THE CREATION', recorded by the author of the Book of Genesis,
in its opening chapter. In the beginning there was God and everything that
came into being did happen by the COMMANDS [the Spoken Words or Thoughts]
of God. To read more on the subject please read item number 11 of my earlier
article under the URL: http://www.mostmerciful.com/notgod--8-15.htm
Believing Jesus Christ
to be a god or
the first of the foremost Commandments taught by Jesus. He said, that Commandment
"Hear, O Israel, The Lord our God, the Lord
is one". Mark 12 : 29. As seen earlier in
this article within the quoted passage from the Encyclopedia Britannica;
by Satan" is a very strong remark to pass
for the Catholics and the Protestants by the J.Ws.. The base for that remark
is Witnesses vehement refutation for
the "DOCTRINE OF TRINITY" preached
by the mainstream of Christianity. Witnesses claim that the roots of this
Doctrine, which negates the teachings of the Old Testament and the Foremost
Commandment, were planted during the reign of a Pagan Roman Emperor named
Constantine. He died in 337 C.E.. Thereafter Emperor Theodosius, made the
innovated Doctrine for Christianity,
law of the land (in
Strong hatred for the TRINITARIAN
belief of ONE GOD with Three Godheads on one hand and equally strong adherence
for the DUALITY of that same ONE GOD on the other hand, seems equally
misguided if one was to look at them as an outsider. Since GOD is ONE,
there cannot be "the God"
as well as "a god". It is not surprising that the
Catholics and the Protestants do not consider Jehovah's Witness as a Christian
movement. They also refuse to accept their teachings, literature and the
translations of the Holy Scriptures.
New Text Added on May 4, 2003:
Fundamental Beliefs of J.W.
that often differ from
the Beliefs of Catholics and Protestants, continued...
1. Jesus Christ was not hanged
on a Cross but on an execution stake or tree.
2. Displaying of the Cross is
3. The use of Cross in the worship is
4. It is a folly to believe the Jesus
is yet on the execution stake or the Cross.
5. Jesus is now a spirit.
1. The entire Bible is an inspired book.
2. The authors were moved by the Spirit
of God to write the various books.
3. Bible is written for the peoples
of all races.
4. It is a practical guide for all mankind
and ignoring it is a fatal mistake.
1. God does not dwell in Churches that
are built by mortal men with stones.
2. True Church is a spiritual temple
that is built upon Jesus.
3. Witnesses call their places of congregations
the Kingdom Halls
1. Baptism is a requirement for every
2. The only proper way for Baptism is
by immersion in water.
3. The Witnesses are Baptized in their
4. Baptism does not was away the sins.
1. Blood transfusion violates the Sacredness
2. Blood transfusion is banned.
3. Feeding on Blood is prohibited.
1. Witnesses rejects the theory of Evolution.
2. The "Day" means a period of time
and not a day of "24 hours".
3. The Day with God can be a long period.
4. God's Law of Creation holds true.
1. The sin of Adam has passed on to
all the children of Adam.
2. The death of Adam has passed on to
all children of Adam.
3. The dead are sleeping,
awaiting the resurrection.
1. The Devil is an invisible Ruler of
2. This Ruler of the world is a god.
3. This Ruler - a god, has been given
a respite by the God.
4. The Devil is allowed to remain an
invisible Ruler until the issue is settled.
5. The Devil to be abyssed until destroyed.
6. The Devil has joined Satan - the
7. The Devil will be destroyed along
with the Satan.
- More text added on May 20, 2003
1. Only 144,000 will go to Heaven.
- 2. Only a limited number to become kings with
- 3. Jesus was a forerunner of others that have
- 1. A place of inactivity.
- 2. Jesus was raised from the Hell - Grave.
- 3. The unrepentant wicked destroyed by the
fire of hell.
- 4. Fire of Hell is symbolic. A symbol
- 5. Satan's final fiery torment is his
- 1. The Earth will never be destroyed.
- 2. The Earth will never be depopulated.
- 3. The Earth will be filled with perfect,
- 4. Paradise will be made on the Earth for
- 5. Everlasting life is assured for perfect
- 1. The early Christians did not observe it.
- 2. The true worshippers do not observe the
- HUSBAND AND WIFE
- 1. Couples not to separate.
- 2. Marriage bed to remain undefiled.
- 3. Husband as the head of the family must be
- 4. Husband to care for the family.
- 5. Wife being in subjugation must love and
- 6. Children must be obedient to the Parents.
- 7. Parents to give spiritual image and
training to children.
- 8. A Christian should marry another
- Above are some of the primary
beliefs of the Witnesses...